The "Intolerable Acts" were the name given to five laws that
were designed as punishment of the American colonies by King George
III and Parliament. They were enacted in 1774.
(See below and the related links for information about each of
Boston Port Act
Administration of Justice Act
Massachusetts Government Act
Quartering Act- Forced the colonists to house "quarter" British
The Intolerable Acts (or Coercive Acts), were passed after the
Boston Tea Party, the 1773 act by radical colonists who broke into
three East India Company tea ships and destroyed 342 chests of tea.
(This was done to protest the Tea Act of 1773.) Enraged, the
British Parliament instituted the five Coercive Acts to punish the
mutinous colonists. The colonists, however, were even more angered
by the new acts, which stripped the colonist of many freedoms and
replaced them with limitations.
The Boston Port Bill - June 1, 1774. Closed Boston
Harbor to all but British ships until the cost of the Tea Party tea
The Quartering Act - March 24, 1765. Forced colonists to
house and feed the British troops.
The Administration of Justice Act - May 20, 1774.
British Officials could not be tried in colonial courts for crimes.
They would be taken back to Britain and have their trials
Massachusetts Government Act - May 20, 1774. The British
Governor was in charge of Boston, and the colony had no more
The Quebec Act - May 20, 1774, the Canadian borders
became off limits to the colonies of Connecticut, Massachusetts and
Virginia. The province of Quebec was enlarged southward into the
A series of punitive laws were passed by the British Parliament
following the Boston Tea party in 1774. American Patriots referred
to these as the Intolerable Acts. Three of these were the Stamp Act
of 1765, the Townshend Acts of 1767, and the Declaratory Act of
The Intolerable Acts were a series of laws sponsored by British
Prime Minister Lord North and enacted in 1774 in response to the
Boston Tea Party. The laws were these:
Impartial Administration of Justice Act, which allowed
the royal governor of a colony to move trials to other colonies or
even to England if he feared that juries in those colonies wouldn't
judge a case fairly
Massachusetts Bay Regulating Act made all law officers
subject to appointment by the royal governor and banned all town
meetings that didn't have approval of the royal governor
Boston Port Act, which closed the port of Boston until
the price of the dumped tea was recovered, moved the capital of
Massachusetts to Salem, and made Marblehead the official port of
entry for the Massachusetts colony.
Quartering Act, which allowed royal troops to stay in
houses or empty buildings if barracks were not available
Quebec Act, which granted civil government and religious
freedom to Catholics living in Quebec.
These Acts were the harshest so far of all the Acts passed by
Parliament. The closing of Boston's port alone would cost the
colony (and the American colonies as a whole) a ton of money. The
Regulating Act was aimed at curtailing revolutionary activities.
The Quartering Act angered colonists who didn't want soldiers
(especially Redcoats) in their houses. And the Quebec Act was a
direct insult to Americans, who had been denied the same sorts of
rights that the Quebec residents now got.